Before going into detail it is important to address the following points in general:
– Balancing and load stability;
– Protection materials;
– Storage in general.
Balancing and load stability
If a container is loaded in a non-balanced way one runs the risk of an imbalance on the one hand during its lifting, with the danger of slippage of the goods inside; moving the center of gravity can have serious consequences to break in two the container or to drop it with serious harm to people and property. The containers are built to withstand a load evenly distributed; when loading very heavy parcels have to consider this fact. It goes without saying that the large loads or high weight must be locked and secured with particular care. When you load a container is very important to use it fully so as not to leave space between the load and the walls. Find here a storage tank calculator.
If the load does not completely fill the width of the container, stowage should be started from the sides towards the center so as to leave an empty corridor when the load is full; the load is then secured by placing the boards vertically against the necks of the props and inserting between one layer of boards and the other.
If packages are larger than half the width of the container it is recommended to stow the middle blocking the bottom and the sides; remember that, in this case, the walls of the container must be reinforced with the plates to distribute the thrust points of the props.
When securing the props, on the floor of the container should be used blocks of wood that are nailed to the floor itself. If possible, remember to minimize the use of the nails because, at the time of the discharge, should be removed.
And a good rule to evaluate the merchandise is stowed in a position to undergo displacement even if the container is tilted by 300 it isthe direction of the width that of the length. When packages are stowed in various layers is not good enough to fix only the first layer but it is necessary that they are also the top stowed. In the case of packaging brittle you can avoid the use of tables and props replacing the belts to the same or, better still, of the networks.